Road Driving Offences and Penalties

Road Driving Offences and Penalties in India

The Indian Road rules, titled "Rules of the Road Regulation", were brought into effect since July, 1989. These rules are germane to the Indian drivers (all inclusive of two, three and four wheelers), while on the road to ensure an orderly traffic and a safer journey. Violation of these "Rules of Road Regulation" is a punishable transgression as per the city specific traffic police rules and the "Motor Vehicle Act".

Enforcement of these traffic laws - rules, regulations and acts can bear out the road accidents. These laws are enforced by issuing challans in the name of the offenders and teaching them a lesson by making them pay penalties. An indicative list of the possible offences and their respective penalties is furnished below:

Documents Related Offences

Offences Penalties Motor Vehicle Act Rules
Driving without a Valid License Rs. 500/- and /or imprisonment ( 3 months) 3 r/w 181 MVA
Allowing vehicle to be driven by a person who does not possess a Valid License. Rs. 1000/- and/or imprisonment ( 3 months) 5 r/w 180 MVA
Not carrying documents as required. Rs. 100/- 130(3) r/w 177 MVA
Driving without Valid Insurance. Rs. 1000/- and/or imprisonment ( 3 months) 130 r/w 177 MVA
Driving without Valid Permit. Rs. 5000/- ( not less than Rs. 2000/-) 130 r/w 177 MVA
Driving without Valid Fitness. Rs. 5000/- ( not less than Rs. 2000/-) 130 r/w 177 MVA
Vehicle without R.C. Rs 2000/- 39 r/w192 MVA

Driving Related Offences

Offences Penalties Motor Vehicle Act Rules
Driving by Minor Rs. 500/- 4 r/w 181 MVA
Allowing Unauthorized person to drive . Rs. 1000/- 5 r/w 180 MVA
Driving without Helmet. Rs. 100/- 129 r/w177 MVA
Seat Belts not fastened. Rs. 100/- 138(3) CMVR 177 MVA
Rough/Rash/Negligent Driving . Rs. 1000/- 184 MVA
Dangerous or hasty Driving. Rs.1000/- and/or imprisonment ( 6 months) 112-183 MVA
Not Driving in Proper Lane. Court Challan 66 r/w 192 MVA
Driving in the center and not to left side. Rs.100/- 2 RRR r/w 177 MVA
Driving against One Way. Rs.100/- 17 (i) RRR 177 MVA
Reversing without due care and attention. Rs. 100/- MMVR 233 177 MVA
Taking “U” turn during outlawed hours. Rs.100/- 12 RRR 177 MVA
Failing to take precaution while taking a “Turn”. Rs.100/- 3 RRR 177 MVA
Failing to decelerate at intersection. Rs.100/- 8 RRR 177 MVA
Failing to carry on left of traffic island. Rs.100/- 2 RRR 177 MVA
Carrying persons on Footboard. Rs.100/- 123-177 MVA
Carrying persons causing hindrance to the driver. Rs.100/- 125-177 MVA
Trippling. Rs. 100/- 128/177 MVA
Driving on Footpath. Rs.100/- RRR 177 MVA
Stopping at pedestrian crossing or crossing a Stop Line. Rs.100/- RRR 177 MVA

Road Marking Related Offences

Offences Penalties Motor Vehicle Act Rules
Violation of Yellow Line. Rs. 100/- 119/177 MVA
Violation of Stop Line Rs. 100/- 113(1)/177 DMVR
Violation of Mandatory Signs Rs. 100/- 119/177 MVA

Number Plate Related Offences

Offences Penalties Motor Vehicle Act Rules
Use of Offensive Number Plate for vehicle used in driving Rs.100/- CMVR 105 (2) (ii) 177 MVA
Displaying 'Applied For' Rs. 4500/- 39/192 MVA

Vehicle Light Related Offences

Offences Penalties Motor Vehicle Act Rules
Improper use of headlights/tail light for vehicle used in driving Rs.100/- CMVR 105 (2) (ii) 177 MVA
Using High Beam where not required Rs. 100/- 112(G) A DMVR 177 MVA

Horn Related Offences

Offences Penalties Motor Vehicle Act Rules
Driving without Horn Rs. 100/- 119(1)/177 CMVR
Improper horn usage while driving Rs.100/- CMVR 105 (2) (ii) 177 MVA

Traffic Police Related Offences

Offences Penalties Motor Vehicle Act Rules
Disobeying Traffic Police Officer in uniform Rs. 100/- 119 MVA 22(a) RRR 177 MVA
Driving against Police Signal Rs. 100/- 119 r/w 177 MVA
Disobeying manual Traffic Signal Rs. 100/- 239 MMVR 22(a) RRR 177 MVA

Traffic Signal Related Offences

Offences Penalties Motor Vehicle Act Rules
Disobeying Traffic signal / Sign Board Rs. 100/- 22(b) RRR 239 MMVR 177 MVA
Failing to give Signal Rs. 100/- 121 RRR 177 MVA
Jumping Signal Rs.100/- 119/177 MVA

Speed and Overtake Related Offences

Offences Penalties Motor Vehicle Act Rules
Exceeding the prescribed Speed Limits Up to Rs.1000/- 112-183 MVA
Abetment for Over Speeding Rs.300/- 112/183(2) MVA
Overtaking perilously Rs.100/- 6 (a) RRR r/w 177 MVA
Failing to confer way to sanction Overtaking Rs.100/- 7 RRR 177 MVA
Overtaking from Wrong Side Rs. 100/- RRR 6/1/177 MVA

Other Offences

Offences Penalties Motor Vehicle Act Rules
Disobeying Lawful Directions Rs. 500/- 132/179 MVA
Driving under influence of Alcohol / Drugs Rs.2000/- and/or imprisonment ( 6 months) 185 MVA
Using Mobile Phone while Driving Up to 1000/- 184 MVA
Leaving vehicle in unoccupied engine Rs.100/- 126-177 MVA
Leaving vehicle in unsafe position Rs.100/- 122 177 MVA
In case of a minor Accident Rs. 1000/- 184 MVA
Playing music while Driving Rs. 100/- 102/177 MVA
Driving without Silencer Rs. 100/- 120/190(2)/177CMVR
Driving when mentally or physically unfit Court Challan 186 MVA

Offences related to Towing of Vehicle

Offences Penalties Motor Vehicle Act Rules
Two Wheeler Rs.100/- RRR 177 MVA
Car , Jeep, Taxi, Auto Rickshaw Rs.200/- RRR 177 MVA
Truck, Tanker, Trailor Rs.600/- RRR 177 MVA

Offences related to Pollution

Offences Penalties Motor Vehicle Act Rules
Smoking in Public Transport Rs. 100/- 86(1)(5)/177 DMVR
Pollution Not Under Control Rs. 100/- 99(1)(a)/177 DMVR
Fixing multi-toned/shrill horn Rs.500/- 119 CMVR 190(2) MVA
Blowing Pressure Horn Rs. 100/- 96(1)/177 DMVR
Silencer/muffler making noise Rs.500/- CMVR 120 190(2) MVA
Smoky Exhaust Rs.500/- 115 CMVR 190(2) MVA
Using horn in Silence Zone Rs.100/- 21(ii) RRR 177 MVA

Offences related to Motor Vehicles

Offences Penalties Motor Vehicle Act Rules
Using Vehicle in Unsafe Conditions Court Challan 192 MVA
When motor vehicle is out of state for more than 12 months Rs.100/- 47-177 MVA
Particulars to be printed on transport vehicles Rs.100/- 84(G)-177 MVA
Without Wiper Rs.100/- CMVR 101 5,12 177 MVA
Without Side Mirror Rs.100/- 5, 7/177 MVA
Defective tyres Rs.100/- CMVR 94
No indication board on left hand drive vehicle Rs.100/- 120, 177 MVA
Sale of motor vehicle/alteration of motor vehicle in contravention of Act Rs.300/- 52/191 MVA, 32/192.66/192 MV Act
Vehicles fitted with dark glasses/sun films Rs.100/- 100 CMVR, 177 MVA
Driving without proper number plate/ illuminating rear number plate Rs.100/- 236 MMVR, 177 MVA
Failing to display public carrier board Rs.100/- 116 MMVR, 177 MVA
Using private vehicle for commercial purposes Rs. 5000/-( not less than Rs. 2000/-) -
Any sort of misconduct with passengers, not wearing uniform/not displaying badge Rs.100/- MMVR 21(18) 177 MVA
Overloading a goods vehicle Rs. 2000/-plus Rs. 1000/- for every additional ton MMVR 93(u)(i) 177 MVA
Carrying goods in a dangerous or hazardous manner Imprisonment and/or fine of Rs. 3000/- 29 RRR 177 MVA
Infringement of permit conditions Imprisonment and/or fine of Rs. 5000/-( not less than Rs. 2000/-) -
Use of Colored light on Vehicle Rs. 100/- 97(2)/177 DMVR

Offences related to Commercial Vehicles

Offences Penalties Motor Vehicle Act Rules
Plying in 'NO ENTRY' Time Upto 2000/- 115/194 MVA
Violation of Time Table Court Challan 11/177, 2/177, 66/192 MVA
High and Long / Load in Vehicles Rs. 100/- 29 RRR/177 MVA
Carrying animals in goods vehicles in contravention of rules Rs.100/- MMVR 83, 177 MVA
Carrying persons dangerously or carrying persons in goods vehicles Rs.100/- MMVR 108, 177 MVA
Goods in Passenger Vehicles - -
Dangerous projection of goods Rs.100/- 229 MMVR, 29 RRR, 177 MVA
Carrying goods unsecured Rs.100/- MMVR 202, 177 MVA
Carrying goods more than 11 feet high Rs.100/- MMVR 93(u) (i) 177 MVA
Limit Of weight and limitation on Use Court Challan 113/194(1) MVA
Driver refuses to weigh vehicle Court Challan 114/194(2) MVA
Load on Tail Board Rs.100/- MMVR 202, 177 MVA
Misbehavior by Taxi/TSR Driver Rs. 100/- 11(3)/177 DMVR
Over Charging by Taxi/TSR Driver Rs. 100/- 11(8)/177 DMVR
Charging without Meter Rs. 100/- 11(8)/177 DMVR
Refusal by Taxi/TSR Driver Rs. 100/- 11(9)/177 DMVR
Driver without Uniform Rs. 100/- 7/177 DMVR
Driver without Badge Rs. 100/- 22(1)/177 DMVR
Conductor without Uniform Rs. 100/- 23(1)/177 DMVR
Conductor without Badge Rs. 100/- 22(1)/177 DMVR
Stopping without Bus stop Court Challan 66/192 MVA
Power to detain Vehicle used in contravention of section 3.4,39 or 66(1) MV Act. Court Challan 207(1) MVA

Offences related to Maximum Penalty

Offences Penalties Motor Vehicle Act Rules
Parking in the direction of flow of traffic Rs.100/- 22(a) RRR, 177 MVA
Parking away from footpath towards road Rs.100/- 15(2) RRR, 177 MVA
Parking against flow of traffic Rs.100/- 15(2) RRR, 177 MVA
Parking causing Obstruction Rs. 100/- 15(2) RRR, 177 MVA
Parking on a Taxi Stand Rs. 100/- 15(2) RRR, 177 MVA
Parking in not any prescribed manner Rs. 100/- 15(1) RRR, 177 MVA
Parking at any Corner Rs. 100/- 15(i) RRR 177 MVA
Parking within 15 meters on either side of Bus Stop Rs. 100/- 15(2) RRR 177 MVA
Parking on Bridge Rs. 100/- 15(2) (i) RRR 177 MVA
Parking at Traffic Island Rs. 100/- 15(i) RRR 177 MVA
Parking in “No” Parking Area Rs. 100/- 15(2) RRR 177 MVA
Parked on Pedestrian Crossing Rs. 100/- 15(2)(iii) RRR 177 MVA
Parking on Footpath Rs. 100/- 15(2)(ii) RRR 177 MVA
Parking in front of a gate Rs. 100/- 15(2)(viii) RRR 177 MVA
Parking causing obstruction Rs. 100/- 15(1) RRR 177 MVA

Abbreviations

  • RRR: Rules of Road Regulations 1989
  • MVA: Motor Vehicles Act 1988
  • MMVR: Maharasthra Motor Vehicles Rules 1989
  • CMVR: Central Motor Vehicles Rules 1989